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Behavior of sulfate reducing bacteria under oligotrophic conditions and oxygen stress in particle-free systems related to drinking water.
Citation key Bade2000a
Author Bade, K. and Manz, W. and Szewzyk, U.
Pages 215–223
Year 2000
DOI 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2000.tb00714.x
Journal FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Volume 32
Number 3
Month Jun
Institution Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Technischen Umweltschutz, Fachgebiet Ökologie der Mikroorganismen, Sekretariat OE 5, Franklinstraße 29, D-10587, Berlin, Germany
Abstract The response of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) to oxygen stress under oligotrophic conditions in particle-free systems was studied in (i) sterile Berlin drinking water; (ii) mineral medium; and (iii) in coculture experiments with aerobic bacteria. Using a polyphasic approach including anaerobic cultivation, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and digital image analysis, the behavior of the strains zt3l and zt10e, isolated from Berlin groundwater and affiliated to the family Desulfovibrionaceae, was compared to the type strains Desulfomicrobium baculatum and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Anaerobic deep agar dilution series were performed for the determination of cell culturability. FISH and subsequent digital image analysis of probe-conferred fluorescence intensities were used for the assessment of metabolic activity. For the in situ identification of both isolates in coculture tests, two strain-specific oligonucleotides were developed and evaluated. The total cell counts of stressed SRB in drinking water decreased during the course of the assay dependent on the strain. Both environmental isolates could be cultured for a longer period than cells of D. baculatum and D. desulfuricans, respectively. The FISH intensities showed a strain-specific behavior. When exposed to simultaneous oxygen stress and carbon limitation in mineral medium, total cell counts of all four strains remained constant throughout a period of 72 days. The rate of culturability differed between the investigated strains. The decrease of metabolic activity as assessed by FISH was a strain-specific property. Exposure of SRB to oxygen stress and carbon starvation in coculture experiments with Aquabacterium commune resulted in strain dependent prolonged culturability and a delayed decrease of the metabolic activity compared to pure culture tests for all strains tested. Total cell counts of SRB were constant throughout the whole experiment.
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