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Microbiological aspects of a bioreactor with submerged membranes for aerobic treatment of municipal wastewater.
Citation key Witzig2002
Author Witzig, R. and W. Manz and S. Rosenbergerb and U. Krügerb and M. Kraumeb and U. Szewzyk
Pages 394–402
Year 2002
DOI doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00221-4
Journal Water Research
Volume 36
Number 2
Month Jan
Institution Department of Microbial Ecology, Technical University of Berlin, Germany.
Abstract An aerobic membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater at complete biomass retention was studied in respect of microbiological parameters over a period of 380 days. The results were compared to those obtained from a conventional activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) treating the same wastewater. Microscopically, significant changes in the structure of the flocs and of the ratio between free suspended and aggregated cells could be observed. The presence of filamentous bacteria varied from almost not present to very high numbers. With the exception of short periods after changes in operating conditions, protozoa and metazoa were rarely present in the sludge community. The rate of oxygen consumption and the cell detectability by fluorescence in situ hybridizatio (FISH) with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes were used to assess the physiological state of the bacterial cells Oxygen consumption rates of sludge samples obtained from both the conventional and membrane filtration plant wer determined without and after addition of different energy and carbon sources. In contrast to the conventional activate sludge, a pronounced increase in respiration activity upon the addition of organic substrates could be observed in th membrane filtration sludge. In situ probing with the Bacteria-specific probe EUB338 visualized 40-50\% of all DAPI stainable bacteria in the membrane bioreactor, compared to 80\% cells detectable by FISH in the conventional activate sludge. These results suggest that bacteria present in the highly concentrated biomass of the membrane reactor use the energy supplied for their maintenance metabolism and were not in a physiological state characteristic for growth This assumption could explain the zero net biomass production observed in the reactor.
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